Gold Professional Talks 2024 Outlook, Plus Forecast for Silver, Platinum and Palladium

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The beginning of 2024 has been robust for gold, which has breached US$2,100 per ounce and approached US$2,200.

Might the yellow steel transfer increased, and will its elevated worth generate extra curiosity amongst traders? What about silver, platinum and palladium — what does 2024 have in retailer for these treasured metals?

John Reade, chief market strategist on the World Gold Council, was available on the 2024 version of the Prospectors & Builders Affiliation of Canada (PDAC) conference to debate his outlook for treasured metals this yr and past. Learn on for an outline of his presentation, which centered on gold, but additionally lined silver, platinum and palladium.


Key gold demand traits in 2023

2023 was a powerful yr for gold regardless of the headwind of excessive rates of interest. Not solely did the steel hit a brand new report stage late within the interval, however it additionally outperformed most asset courses other than US equities.

So what has been driving demand for gold over the previous yr? Reade defined many components had been at play, however famous that jewellery shopping for has remained resilient regardless of being a market section that’s delicate to rising costs.

“The gold worth was US$250 in 1999 and 2001, and is US$2,000 now. The gold worth has elevated over the past six or seven years, and but jewellery demand is fairly regular. I feel that reveals a really robust underlying curiosity in gold for jewellery, and that curiosity comes from rising markets, principally India and China,” he stated.

Reade believes continued demand for gold jewellery signifies a broader tolerance inside the marketplace for US$2,000 gold.

Additionally contributing to robust gold demand in 2023 was the know-how sector, which consumed 300 metric tons (MT) of the yellow steel following years of strain following the COVID-19 pandemic.

Nonetheless, gold bar and coin funding nonetheless made up the biggest demand class. Reade identified that whereas there have been 244 MT of outflows from exchange-traded funds (ETF) in 2023, marking a 3rd consecutive annual decline, bar and coin demand remained robust, with 1,200 MT being traded, a 3 % decline year-on-year.

This slight decline in bar and coin demand will be attributed to decreased shopping for in western markets, significantly Germany, stated Reade. “Most likely essentially the most worrying issue within the gold market in the intervening time for me is the collapse in demand we’ve seen in Germany — a 70 % fall in what was the most important western marketplace for bars and cash,” he stated, noting that the World Gold Council continues to intently monitor this example.

Reade stated the precipitous drop in German demand was as a result of components comparable to excessive rates of interest and elevated costs in client power markets, with these pressures inflicting traders to maneuver to the sidelines and rein in spending.

Whereas German gold funding declined final yr, demand for the yellow steel was taken up elsewhere. “In distinction, we’ve seen an enormous bounce-back in gold demand in China because the economic system opened up, and we’re seeing into 2024 super curiosity from Chinese language traders to purchase gold bars and gold cash,” stated Reade.

Central banks nonetheless robust gold patrons

Reade additionally highlighted central financial institution gold shopping for, calling it the “largest story” on the demand facet.

Following selloffs of gold for the 22 years main as much as the worldwide monetary disaster in 2008, rising market central banks started to buy 500 MT of gold per yr between 2010 and 2021. This represented 10 % of a 5,000 MT per yr market. These numbers doubled after the pandemic, with nations like China, Poland and Singapore main the best way.

In response to Reade, one issue that’s modified significantly in relation to central financial institution gold shopping for is the quantity going unreported; this implies there’s extra shopping for happening than the central banks say there’s.

Taking a look at why central banks are stocking up on gold, Reade stated inflation is one motive. He additionally famous that rising market central banks see attainable threats to the US greenback’s standing because the world’s reserve forex.

“There is a recognition amongst the rising market central banks, who’ve trillions of {dollars} of international trade reserves, that sooner or later, different economies will probably be huge and necessary too, and doubtless will change into rivals for the US reserve forex standing,” he stated, mentioning China and India as prospects.

Reade continued, “Their currencies aren’t prepared but to be reserve currencies. But demand for gold is pushed very a lot by the efficiency of these and different rising market economies.”

The ultimate level he thinks is pushing central financial institution gold shopping for is Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. “The sanctioning of (Russia’s) reserves. Gold is an asset that central banks can maintain in their very own nation that’s proof against western sanctions, and that’s changing into much more enticing,” Reade instructed the viewers at PDAC.

Greatest- and worst-case gold worth situations

Reade famous that there are lots of macroeconomic and geopolitical components that affect the gold market. Nonetheless, within the quick time period, what occurs within the monetary markets will decide the steel’s worth.

He famous that again in December, a gentle touchdown was the overall consensus amongst consultants; some had been calling for a recession, whereas only a few had been forecasting a “no touchdown” final result.

“Issues have shifted considerably now. I would say extra individuals are excited about a no touchdown economic system than there have been earlier than. Not very many individuals are speaking a couple of recession, such is the power of the US economic system,” Reade stated.

Taking a look at how every state of affairs would impression gold, he recommended {that a} exhausting touchdown would have the perfect outcomes, whereas a gentle touchdown gold would nonetheless see gold do nicely, however would additionally see equities to proceed to roll forward.

A no touchdown state of affairs can be the least favorable for the yellow steel.

“In different phrases, development within the states would not decelerate sufficient to set off (rate of interest cuts), and presumably inflation stays excessive sufficient that we may even see some hikes. That’s the worst of all situations for 2024 for gold. If we do not get fee cuts, gold in all probability will battle to exceed and even match what we noticed in 2023,” he stated.

Reade additionally spoke about how the US election may have an effect on demand for gold within the coming months as two divisive candidates face off for the presidency. Their vastly differing international insurance policies may create volatility for the markets and the US greenback, and traders may search out gold as a safe-haven asset.

“A victory by the Republican social gathering could result in dangers of a extra isolationist US economic system,” stated Reade. “As it’s, the greenback is exhibiting indicators of individuals transferring slowly away from it and searching for different property to commerce with or have in central financial institution reserves — this might speed up if among the insurance policies being spoken about by one of many candidates had been to come back true.”

Silver, platinum and palladium outlook

Whereas indicators are pointing to gold market power in 2024, the outlook is not trying as optimistic for silver, platinum and palladium. Of the three, Reade sees silver as having the best potential.

In 2022, silver noticed robust demand from India, which was importing report quantities of the white steel. However that demand failed to hold over into 2023, and silver had a considerably disappointing yr. Throughout a current journey to Singapore, Reade noticed one other reversal within the works, with Indian demand as soon as once more on the rise.

“If that’s the case, look ahead to … inventories heading decrease once more for silver and for issues to get attention-grabbing,” he stated.

Nonetheless, Reade was additionally pragmatic, noting that Indian demand alone will not create a optimistic shift in silver.

“I personally suppose we’re going to want a little bit of restoration in China. Its industrial demand for silver is so necessary that if the economic system there’s lagging, that may have a tendency to not make this occur,” he defined. Pointing to the lagging gold-silver ratio, Reade added that there’s potential for silver traders to do very nicely.

In terms of platinum and palladium, Reade doesn’t see a optimistic narrative. Each metals are sitting in surplus positions, with their main use being as catalysts for autos with inside combustion engines. With robust manufacturing persevering with out of South Africa and with appreciable quantities of the metals contained in autos that can finally be recycled, the opportunity of increased pricing within the quick time period is not good.

With elections approaching in South Africa on the finish of Could, there aren’t prone to be cuts in platinum output till later within the yr, if in any respect, however Reade nonetheless sees extra upside for platinum than palladium.

“Platinum is a steel that traded at a premium to gold for nearly all my life, for the final 70 years. So I might say I’ve extra religion within the long-term prospects,” he stated.

Remember to observe us @INN_Resource for real-time updates!

Securities Disclosure: I, Dean Belder, maintain no direct funding curiosity in any firm talked about on this article.

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