Advantages, Cures, Analysis, Facet Results

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Bitter gourd or Bitter melon, botanically, Momordica charantia is a well-known Indian vegetable, helpful for the remedy of diabetes, intestinal worms, sin illness, wounds and acts as blood air purifier. 
Latin Title- Momordica charantia Linn.
Household- Cucurbitaceae

bitter gourd leaves flower fruit

Vernacular names

Bitter melon: Names in several languages:
Hindi name- Karela
English name- Bitter gourd, Balsam pear, Bitter melon
Bengali Title- Karla, Uchhe
Gujarati Title- Kareli
Kannada Title- Hagalakai
Marathi Title- Karle
Malayalam Title- Kaippakka
Tamil Title- Pavaikkari
Telugu name- Kakar

Sanskrit synonyms

Sanskrit Synonyms of karela:
Kathillam – It imparts good results on physique Kandira, Kandakatuka, Sukanda, Ugrakanda, Katilla
Sushavi – Fruit yield many fruits

Karavellaka is a climber rising within the temperate area of India. It’s cultivated for its vegetable use. The flowers are yellow in coloration and the fruit has triangular ridges within the outer facet and grows as much as 15-20 cm in size. The fruit is bitter in style.

bitter lemon juice

Classical categorization

Charaka samhita- Tikta skanda – bitter group of herbs
Sushruta samhita- Aragwadadi gana
Vagbhata- Aragwadadi gana
Bhavaprakasha- Shaka varga
Kaiyyadeva Nighantu- Oushadhi varga
Shodala Nighantu- Guduchyadi varga

Scientific classification

Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Cucurbitales
Household: Cucurbitaceae
Genus: Momordica
Species: M. charantia

Morphology

Annual herbaceous climber
Stem – Aerial, herbaceous
Leaves – Easy, alternate, multicostate reticulate venation
Inflorescence – Solitary
Flowers – yellow with 5 petals
Fruits -Berry
Seeds are immersed in purple pulp

Properties, half used, dosage

Momordica charantia – Medicinal properties:
Rasa (Style) – Tikta (Bitter), Katu (Pungent)
Guna (Qualities) – Laghu (Gentle), Ruksha (Dry)
Vipaka- Katu (Undergoes Pungent style after digestion)
Veerya (Efficiency) – Ahima (neither a coolant, nor scorching, as per Kaiyadeva Nighantu), Chilly, as per Bhavaprakasha.
Karma (Motion) – Kapha pitta hara (reduces vitiated kapha and pitta dosha), Deepana (induce urge for food)
Half used- Leaf, Fruit
Dosage- Recent juice 10-20 ml.

As per Bhojana Kutuhalam, karavella is penetrating in nature, scorching in efficiency, alleviates doshas, promotes power and acts as anti-toxicant. It treats praseka, dyspnoea, cough, hemorrhoids, worm infestation, pores and skin ailments and fever.

Varieties

Okay. Ni 2 sorts
Briht karavella
Laghu karavella

Karela juice for weight problems

Will ingesting karela juice scale back weight problems?
It reduces weight problems, as it’s de-nourishing in nature (1).
It additionally lowers blood sugar ranges. Precaution is required for diabetics on remedy.  
It might trigger extreme dryness of pores and skin and inside organs.
Taking 15-20 ml of it 2 – 3 occasions every week, after meals ought to be good. 

Chemical constituents

Bitter gourd –  Chemical constituents:
The fruit accommodates 5-hydroxytryptamine, charantin, diosgenin, lanosterol and betasitosterol. It additionally accommodates bitter rules cucurbitacin glycosides. The fruits and seeds yields polypeptide insulin known as as p- insulin, alpha and beta glycoproteins. The seed additionally accommodates hypoglycemic constituent vicine. One other protein known as as MRK-29 is discovered within the smaller number of bitter guard.

Makes use of, Sanskrit verse

Medicinal makes use of of Bitter melon:

  • The juice of the recent fruit of karavellaka is given in a dose of 20-25 ml to cut back the sugar degree in blood.
  • The paste of the leaf of Momordia charantia is utilized over the world affected with pores and skin ailments like eczema. The paste can also be utilized to deal with wounds and exterior pile mass.
  • The recent juice of the fruit is given in a dose of 15-20 ml to deal with intestinal worms, anorexia and liver issues.
  • The fruit is lower into small items and given to deal with circumstances of fever.
  • The juice of the fruit and leaves of karavellaka is given to deal with circumstances of amenorrhea and to purify the breast milk (as sthanya shodhana).
  • The juice of the fruit is consumed each day in a dose of 20-25 ml to detox the blood and act like a blood air purifier.
  • The fruit is used as a vegetable and is discovered in lots of cuisines all around the world.
bittergourd-benefits

Ayurvedic makes use of of Karela: 
karela leaves –
Pathya – will be taken as a part of meals
Pittala – Will increase Pitta Dosha
Krumihara – helpful in worm infestation, contaminated wounds

Bitter melon Fruit  –
Deepana – improves digestion power
Bhedana – causes delicate laxative impact
Avrushya – Un-aphrodisiac

Indications

Arochaka – anorexia
Pittasra – Raktapitta –Bleeding issues resembling nasal bleeding, heavy intervals, and many others
Pandu – anemia
Vrana – Ulcers, wounds
Krumi – worm infestation
Shwasa – bronchial asthma and power respiratory issues
Kasa – cough, chilly
Prameha – Urinary tract issues, diabetes
Asra – blood issues resembling abscess, pores and skin issues, bleeding issues resembling menorrhagia, nasal bleeding and many others.
Kotha – allergic pores and skin dysfunction
Kushta – pores and skin ailments
Jwara – fever

Methods to eat bitter lemon?
Fruits are made into slices, put into mixer to extract juice. Juice is quickly consumed in 10 – 30 ml, by many diabetic sufferers. This can be a very bitter treatment.
Boiled fruits are consumed.
It’s used as just like any vegetable.

Opposed results

Opposed results of Bitter gourd:
Reported unwanted effects embrace diarrhea, stomach ache, fever, hypoglycemia, urinary incontinence, and chest ache. Signs have been typically delicate, didn’t require remedy, and resolved with relaxation. 

Interplay with medicines, dietary supplements

Can this be used whereas taking Homeopathic drugs?
Sure. This product doesn’t react with homeopathic drugs.

Can
this drugs be continued whereas taking dietary supplements like multivitamin tablets,
Omega 3 fatty acids and many others?

Sure. Typically, this product goes effectively with most
of the dietary dietary supplements. Nevertheless, if you’re taking multiple product
per day, please seek the advice of your physician for an opinion.

With western
medicines
Search your
physician’s recommendation if you’re taking this product together with different western
(allopathic / trendy) medicines. Some Ayurvedic herbs can work together with trendy
drugs.
If each Ayurvedic and allopathic medicines are suggested collectively, then it’s
finest to take Allopathic drugs first, look forward to half-hour after which take the
Ayurvedic drugs.

Ayurvedic medicines

Ayurvedic medicines containing Karela as ingredient:
Brihat Sarwa Jwarahara Lauh: That is an ayurvedic drugs in pill type and is given to deal with all forms of fever. This formulation accommodates metals in its powder type.
Aragwadadi kashaya: That is an ayurvedic drugs in decoction type used for the remedy of varied pores and skin ailments, wounds and kaphaja jwara.
Diabac pill: It’s a proprietary ayurvedic drugs used to deal with diabetes and problems arising out of the illness.
Glukostat capsule: Glukostat Capsule is a pancreatic stimulant and insulin sensitizer and is utilized in diabetic situation.

Diabegon capsule: Diabegon Capsule is a proprietary Ayurvedic drugs, manufactured by Dindayal Industries Ltd, Gwalior.  It’s used within the remedy of diabetes.
Choles capsule: It’s a proprietary ayurvedic drugs used to deal with hyper lipidemia.
Nidd forte tablets: It’s a proprietary ayurvedic drugs used to deal with non- insulin dependent diabetes.
Restrict capsules: It’s a proprietary ayurvedic drugs used to deal with non- insulin dependent diabetes.

Analysis articles

Analysis articles on Karavellaka:
Anti- diabetic impact: It has been estimated that as much as one-third of sufferers with diabetes mellitus use some type of complementary and various drugs. Ample pre-clinical research have documented within the anti-diabetic and hypoglycemic results of M. charantia by means of numerous postulated mechanisms. Nevertheless, medical trial knowledge with human topics are restricted and flawed by poor research design and low statistical energy. The current assessment is an try to spotlight the anti- diabetic exercise in addition to phytochemical and pharmacological studies on M. charantia.

Anti- malarial profit: This experiment investigated the results of M.charantia L. and M.jalapa L. on malaria in a 4-day suppressive check. Animals obtained 50, 100, or 200 mg/kg of methanolic extracts orally. M.charantia and M. jalapa methanolic extracts had intrinsic antimalarial properties that have been dose-dependent. The consequence confirmed that M.charantia was efficient in suppressing malaria on the highest dose examined (200 mg/kg) whereas M. jalapa gave the very best chemo suppression of parasitemia on the lowest examined dose of fifty mg/kg physique weight of mice.

To manage weight problems: Momordica charantia (bitter melon, BM) is a conventional Chinese language meals and well-known for its perform of lowering physique weight acquire and insulin resistance. On this research, C57BL/6 mice have been fed excessive fats food regimen (HFD) with or with out BM for 12 weeks. BM-contained diets ameliorated HFD-induced weight problems and insulin resistance. Histological and real-time PCR evaluation demonstrated BM not solely decreased macrophage infiltration into epididymal adipose tissues (EAT) and brown adipose tissues (BAT). Movement cytometry present that BM may modify the M1/M2 phenotype ratio of macrophages in EAT.

Hepato-protective motion: The goal of this research was to research the anti- hyperglycemic exercise of Momordica charantia fruit on alloxan induced diabetic mice and its antitoxic impact on liver. Mice have been alloxanized (alloxan monohydrate 150 mg/kg physique weight administered intraperitoneally) and aqueous extract of Momordica charantia on the charge of 100 mg/kg physique weight was administered for 21 days to judge its anti- hyperglycemic exercise. There serum glucose ranges in addition to the Liver Perform Exams (LFT) – SGPT, SGOT and complete bilirubin ranges have been analyzed statistically utilizing ANOVA and Dunnett’s exams

Balsam-pear (bitter gourd), leafy suggestions, uncooked

Style – Bitter, Pungent
Properties – gentle, dry
Efficiency – Sizzling
After digestion style transformation ( Vipaka )   – Pungent
Impact on Doshas
Vata rising
Pitta balancing
Kapha balancing

Balsam-pear (bitter gourd), leafy suggestions, cooked, boiled, drained, with out salt

Style – Bitter, Pungent
Properties – gentle, dry (turns into extra gentle o boiling)
Efficiency – Sizzling
After digestion style transformation ( Vipaka )   – Pungent
Impact on Doshas
Vata rising (extra Vata rising than uncooked bitter gourd)
Pitta balancing
Kapha balancing (extra Kapha balancing than uncooked bitter gourd as a consequence of elevated lightness)

Balsam-pear (bitter gourd), pods, uncooked

Style – Bitter, Pungent
Properties – gentle, dry
Efficiency – Sizzling
After digestion style transformation ( Vipaka )   – Pungent
Impact on Doshas
Vata rising
Pitta balancing
Kapha balancing

Balsam-pear, pods, cooked, boiled, drained, with out salt

Style – Bitter, Pungent
Properties – gentle, dry (turns into extra gentle on boiling)
Efficiency – Sizzling
After digestion style transformation ( Vipaka )   – Pungent
Impact on Doshas
Vata rising (extra Vata rising than uncooked bitter gourd)
Pitta balancing
Kapha balancing (extra Kapha balancing)

Balsam-pear (bitter gourd), leafy suggestions, cooked, boiled, drained, with salt

Rasa – Bitter, Pungent, barely salty
Guna – gentle, dry (turns into extra gentle o boiling)
Veerya – Sizzling
Vipaka – Pungent
Impact on Doshas
Vata rising (extra Vata rising than uncooked bitter gourd)
Pitta nourishing (as salt is scorching in efficiency and will increase Pitta)
Kapha balancing (extra Kapha balancing than uncooked bitter gourd as a consequence of elevated lightness)

Balsam-pear, pods, cooked, boiled, drained, with salt

Rasa – Bitter, Pungent, barely salty
Guna – gentle, dry (turns into extra gentle on boiling)
Veerya – Sizzling
Vipaka – Pungent
Impact on Doshas
Vata rising (extra Vata rising than uncooked bitter gourd)
Pitta nourishing (as salt is scorching in efficiency and will increase Pitta)
Kapha balancing (extra Kapha balancing)

Creator:
Dr.B.Okay.Prashanth M.D (Ayu), Ph.D
E mail: [email protected]

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